The Zapotecs Zoogocho Zapotec: The population is concentrated in the southern state of Oaxacabut Zapotec communities also exist in neighboring
Regions de oaxaca yahoo dating. The present-day population is estimated at approximatelyto 1,  persons, many of whom are monolingual in one of the native Zapotec languages and dialects. In pre-Columbian times, the Zapotec civilization was one of the highly developed cultures of Mesoamericawhich, among other things, included a system of writing.
Many people of Zapotec ancestry have emigrated to the United States over several decades, and they maintain their own social "Regions de oaxaca yahoo dating" in the Los Angeles and Central Valley areas of California. There are four basic groups of Zapotecs: Although several theories of the origin of the Zapotec peoples exist, including some possibly influenced in the post-conquest period, scholars largely agree the Zapotecs inhabited the Central Valley of Oaxaca as early as B.
It was during this period that the established a significant system governance over the population of the region. The Monte Alban periods, of which five have been categorized, lasted from B.
Yet archaeological evidence from the site of Monte Alban, "the first city in ancient Mesoamerica"  has revealed settlement of the region as far back as B. Through these discoveries, scholars have been able to correlate with the Formative, Classic, and "Regions de oaxaca yahoo dating" periods of civilization in the region within the greater Mesoamerican history. The Formative stage, from about B.
From - A. This period also saw a surge in religious activity within the state leadership of the society. The Zapotecan language group is composed of over 60 variants of Zapotecan, as well as the closely related Chatino language. Though the Zapotecs are now largely Catholicssome of their ancient beliefs and practices, such as the burial of the dead with valuables, still survive.
In fact, the Zapotec lord was trained in religious practice as a requirement prior to taking power. Commoners were also selected and trained to join the priesthood, but they were only allowed to join the lower ranks. As a polytheistic religion, the Zapotecs attributed several elements of the natural world to their gods. In the religious practice of the Valley Zapotecs the primary god was Pitao Cozobi who was associated with maize and agriculture. Other gods include, Cocijo the god of rain and lightning similar to the Toltec god, Tlaloc ; Pitao Cozaana the creator of man, animals and the god of ancestors; Pitao Hichaana the goddess of man and animals as well as children, also considered the Mother goddess; Pitao Pezelao god of the underworld, death and the earth; Copijcha the Sun god and god of war; Pitao Xicala god of love, dreams and excess.
Zapotec women in the Mexican state of Oaxaca play a variety of social roles in their families and communities. As is true for many other cultures, Zapotec women have historically had a different place in society than men. These roles are in the context of marriage, childbearing, and work.