Sex reassignment surgery or SRS also known as gender reassignment surgerygender confirmation surgerygenital reconstruction surgerygender-affirming surgeryor sex realignment surgery is the surgical procedure or procedures by which a transgender person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble that socially associated with their identified gender. It is part of a treatment for gender dysphoria Transsexual organs transgender people.
Related genital surgeries may also be performed on intersex people, often in infancy. A statement by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture condemns Transsexual organs nonconsensual use of normalization surgery on intersex people.
People who pursue sex reassignment surgery are usually referred to as transsexual derived from "trans", meaning "across", "through", or "change", and "sexual", pertaining to the sexual characteristics —but not necessarily sexual actions—of a person.
While individuals who have undergone and completed SRS are sometimes referred to as transsexed individuals,  the term transsexed is not to be confused with the term transsexualwhich may also refer to individuals who have not Transsexual organs SRS, yet whose anatomical Transsexual organs may not match their psychological sense of personal gender identity.
Sex reassignment surgery performed on unconsenting minors babies Transsexual organs children may result in catastrophic outcomes including PTSD and suicide—such as in the David Reimer case, following a botched circumcision when the individual's sexual identity determined by neuroanatomical brain wiring is discrepant with the surgical reassignment previously imposed.
Burns School of Transsexual organs, University of Hawaii recommended that physicians do not perform surgery on children until they are old enough to give informed consent, assign such infants in the gender to which they will probably best adjust, and from adding shame, stigma and secrecy to the issue, by assisting intersexual people to meet and associate with others of like condition.
Diamond considered the intersex condition as a difference of sex development, not as a disorder. The best known of these surgeries are those that reshape the genitals, which are also known as genital reassignment surgery or genital reconstruction surgery GRS - or bottom surgery the latter is named in contrast to top surgerywhich is surgery to the breasts; bottom surgery does not refer to surgery on the buttocks in this context.
However, the meaning of "sex reassignment surgery" has been clarified by the medical subspecialty organization, the World Professional Association for Transgender Health WPATHto include any of a larger number of surgical procedures performed as part of a medical treatment for "gender dysphoria" or "transsexualism".
According to WPATH, medically necessary sex reassignment surgeries include "complete hysterectomy, bilateral mastectomy, chest reconstruction or augmentation The array of medically indicated surgeries differs between trans women male to female and trans men female to male. For trans women, genital reconstruction usually involves the surgical construction of a vaginaby means of penile inversion or the sigmoid colon neovagina technique; or, more recently,
Transsexual organs inversion techniques that make use of scrotal tissue to construct the vaginal canal.
For trans men, genital reconstruction may involve construction of a penis through either phalloplasty or metoidioplasty.
For both trans women and trans men, genital surgery may also involve other medically necessary ancillary procedures, such as orchiectomypenectomymastectomy or vaginectomy. Penile inversion vaginoplasty is one of the most common procedures performed in the United States. It is a relatively safe procedure. These require additional surgery to fix and are often fixed by colorectal surgeons. As underscored by WPATH, a medically assisted transition from one sex to another may entail any of a variety of non-genital surgical procedures, any of which are considered "sex reassignment surgery" when performed as part of treatment for gender dysphoria.
For trans men, these may include mastectomy removal of the breasts and chest reconstruction the shaping of a male-contoured chestor hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy removal of ovaries and Fallopian tubes. For some trans women, facial feminization surgeryhair implants, and breast augmentation are also aesthetic components of their surgical Transsexual organs. People with HIV or hepatitis C may have difficulty finding a surgeon able to perform successful surgery.
Many surgeons operate in small private clinics that cannot treat potential complications in these populations. Some surgeons charge higher fees for HIV and hepatitis C-positive patients; other medical professionals assert that it is unethical to deny surgical or hormonal treatments to transgender people solely on the basis
Transsexual organs their HIV or hepatitis status. Other health conditions such as diabetesabnormal blood clottingostomiesand obesity do not usually present a problem to experienced surgeons.
The conditions do increase the anesthetic risk and the rate of post-operative complications. Surgeons may require overweight patients to reduce their
Transsexual organs before surgery, any patients to refrain from hormone replacement before surgery, and smoking patients to refrain from smoking before and after surgery.
Surgeons commonly stipulate the latter regardless of the type of operation. Medical advances may eventually make childbearing possible by using a donor uterus long enough to carry Transsexual organs child to term as anti-rejection drugs
Transsexual organs not seem to affect the fetus.
Further "Transsexual organs" the future, stem cell biotechnology may also make this possible, with no need for anti-rejection drugs.