Playboy is an American men's lifestyle and entertainment magazine. PEIwith a presence in nearly every medium. The magazine has a long history of publishing short stories by notable novelists such as Arthur C. The magazine generally reflects liberal editorial stance, although it often interviews conservative celebrities.
After a year-long removal of most nude photos in Playboy magazine, the March—April issue brought back nudity.
By springHugh Hefner—a "Short naked women" of Illinois psychology graduate who had worked Short naked women Chicago for Esquire magazine writing promotional copy; Publisher's Development Corporation in sales and marketing; and Children's Activities magazine as circulation promotions manager  —had planned out the elements of his own magazine, that he would call Stag Party.
The first issue, in Decemberwas undated, as Hefner was unsure there would be a second. He produced it in his Hyde Park kitchen. The first centerfold was Marilyn Monroealthough the picture used originally was taken for a calendar rather than for Playboy.
Known circulation was 53, An urban legend started about Hefner and the Playmate of the Month because of markings on the front covers of the magazine. From to except for a six-month gap inthe "P" in Playboy had stars printed in or around the letter.
The legend stated that this was either a rating that Hefner gave to the Playmate according to how attractive she was, the number of times that Hefner had slept with her, or how good she was in bed. The stars, between zero and 12, actually indicated the domestic or international advertising region for that printing. Donleavyas well as poetry by Yevgeny Yevtushenko. In at the feminist Miss America protestprotestors symbolically threw a number feminine products into a
Short naked women Trash Can.
Macauley contributed all of the popular Ribald Classics series published between January and March Since reaching its peak in the s, Playboy saw a decline in circulation and cultural relevance due to competition "Short naked women" the field it founded—first from Penthousethen Oui which was published as a spin-off of Playboy and Gallery in the s; later from pornographic videos ; Short naked women more recently from lad mags such as MaximFHMand Stuff.
In response, Playboy has attempted to re-assert its hold on the 18—35 male demographic through slight changes to content and focusing on issues and personalities more appropriate to its audience—such as hip-hop artists being featured in the " Playboy Interview".
Christie Hefnerdaughter of the founder Hugh Hefner, joined Playboy in and became head of the company in She announced in December that she would be stepping down from leading the company, effective in Januaryand said that the election of Barack Obama as the next President had inspired her to give more time to charitable work, and that the decision to step down was her own. The magazine celebrated its 50th anniversary with the January issue.
Playboy also launched limited-edition products designed by a number of notable fashion-houses such as VersaceVivienne Westwood and Sean John. As a hommage to the magazine 50th anniversary, MAC Cosmetics released two limited-edition products, namely a lipstick and a glitter cream.
The magazine runs several annual features and ratings. One of the most popular is its annual ranking of top "party schools" among all U.
Inthe magazine used five criteria: The top ranked party school by Playboy for was the University of Miami. On July 12,Playboy Enterprises Inc. The company derives much of its income from licensing rather than the magazine.
In OctoberPlayboy announced that starting with their March issue, the magazine would no longer feature "Short naked women" frontal nudity. Among other changes to the magazine included ending the popular jokes section and the various cartoons that appeared throughout the magazine. The redesign eliminated the use of jump copy articles continuing on non-consecutive pageswhich in turn eliminated most of the space for cartoons. Playboy ' s plans were to market itself as a competitor to Vanity Fair as opposed to more traditional competitors GQ and Maxim.
The announcement was made by the company's chief creative officer on Twitter with the hashtag NakedIsNormal. In the magazine announced it would become a bi-monthly publication.
In September of the magazine announced it would move to publishing quarterly beginning in The best-selling Playboy edition was the November edition, which sold 7, copies. One-quarter of all American college men were buying or subscribing to the magazine every month.
It is known simply as the " Lenna " also "Lena" image in that field. InPlayboy became the first gentleman's magazine to be printed in braille.
Playboy's iconic and enduring mascot, a stylized silhouette of a rabbit wearing a tuxedo bow tiewas created by Playboy art director Art Paul for the second issue as an endnotebut was adopted as the official logo and has appeared ever since. Hefner said he chose the rabbit for its "humorous sexual connotation", and because the image was "frisky and playful". In an interview Hefner explained
Short naked women choice of a rabbit as Playboy's logo to the Italian journalist Oriana Fallaci:.
The rabbit, the bunny, in America has a sexual meaning; and I chose it because it's a fresh animal, shy, vivacious, jumping - sexy. First it smells you then it escapes, then it comes back, and you feel like caressing it, playing with it. A girl resembles a bunny. Consider the girl we made popular: She is never sophisticated, a girl you cannot really have. She is a young, healthy, simple girl - the girl next door. The Playboy girl has no lace, no underwear, she is naked, well washed with soap and water, and she is happy.
The jaunty rabbit was quickly a popular symbol of extroverted male culture, becoming a lucrative source of merchandizing revenue for Playboy. Besides its centerfold, a major part of Playboy for much of its existence has been the Playboy Interview, an extensive usually several thousand-word discussion between a notable Short naked women and an interviewer historian Alex Haleyfor example, served as a Playboy interviewer on a few occasions; one of "Short naked women" interviews was with Martin Luther King Jr.
One of the magazine's most notable interviews was a discussion then-presidential candidate Jimmy Carter in the November issue, in which he stated "I've committed adultery in my heart many times.
Another interview type section, entitled "20Q" a play on the game of Twenty Questionswas added in October Cheryl Tiegs was the first interviewee for the section. Fashion designers participated in the Rock the Rabbit event by designing T-shirts inspired by Playboy's rabbit head logo for each band.
Many celebrities singers, actresses, models, etc. This list is only a small portion of those who have posed. Some of them are:.
Congress cut off funding for the Braille magazine translation inbut U. The growth
Short naked women the Internet prompted the magazine to develop an official web presence called Playboy Online or Playboy.
The site has been available online since Archives of past Playboy articles and interviews are also included. In SeptemberPlayboy launched the online edition of the magazine Playboy Digital. InPlayboy introduced "The Smoking Jacket", a safe-for-work website designed to appeal to young men, while avoiding nude images or key words that would cause the site to be filtered or otherwise prohibited in the workplace.
In May Short naked women, Playboy introduced i. On January 14,the Ninth Circuit U. Court of Appeals ruled that Playboy Enterprises Inc.
This decision reversed an earlier district court ruling.
The suit started on April 15,when Playboy sued Excite Inc. Many in the American religious community opposed the publication of Playboy. The Louisiana pastor and author L. Clover wrote in his treatise Evil Spirits Intellectualism and Logic that Playboy encouraged young men to view themselves as "pleasure-seeking individuals for whom sex is fun
Short naked women women are play things.
In addition, sale and distribution is banned in most Muslim countries except Lebanon   and Turkey in Asia and Africa, including Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan. Despite the ban on the magazine in these countries, the official Playboy brand itself can still appear on various merchandise such as perfume and deodorants.
While banned in mainland China, the magazine is sold in Hong Kong. In Japan, where genitals of models cannot be showna separate edition was published under license by Shueisha. Though the publisher said the content of the Indonesian edition will be different from the original edition, the government tried to ban it by using anti-pornography rules. On April 12, about IDF members clashed with police and stoned the editorial offices.
Despite this, the edition quickly sold out. On April 6,the chief judge of the case dismissed the charges because they had been incorrectly filed. InShort naked women American convenience store chain 7-Eleven removed the magazine.
The store returned Playboy to its shelves in late InPlayboy was returned to shelves in the Republic of Ireland after a year ban, despite staunch opposition from many women's groups. Playboy was not sold in the state of Queensland, Australia during and but returned as "Short naked women" Due to declining sales, the last Australia-wide edition of Playboy was the January issue. InPlayboy was cleared by the Pentagon of violating its rule against selling sexually explicit material on military property, but the base exchanges stopped selling it anyway.