This report focuses on the most serious manifestations of violence against LGBTI persons, namely killings and serious non-lethal attacks such as rape and mob attacks.
This report does not address
Joven golpeado por ser homosexual forms of violence experienced by LGBTI persons, for example verbal violence or psychological abuse. Severe violence in the family, in the health sector, and school bullying, are among the most common types of violence suffered by trans men.
Violence against bisexual persons is often exerted because such persons are perceived as either gay or lesbian, or because such persons are witnessed expressing same-sex affection. This tendency in the data to categorize bisexual persons and bisexual expressions of affection as gay or lesbian renders violence based on prejudice towards bisexuality invisible for data collection purposes.
This is not because such violence did not occur, but because violence against intersex persons is often carried out under State-approved medical protocols, and is seldom reported in the media or denounced by victims, their families, or civil society organizations.
Intersex issues are not talked about in public or private hospitals or medical associations, and also that the families of intersex persons do not talk about these issues because all discussion related to the genitals is considered taboo. Acts of violence against LGBT persons, or those perceived as such, are particularly cruel and in some instances characterized by levels of brutality exceeding that of other hate crimes.
Many victims are repeatedly stabbed or beaten to death with hammers or blunt objects. Others are punched or kicked to deathhave acid thrown at themor are suffocated.
Some victims in the Registry were repeatedly run over by Joven golpeado por ser homosexual, mutilated or set afire.
Same-sex couples are generally attacked because they showed affection in public holding hands, caressing, embracing or kissing. A study carried out in the United States shows that bisexual persons "experience higher rates of sexual and intimate partner violence than gay, lesbian, and straight people. After that, they jumped on his head, beat him on the nose, eyes, genitals and they urinated again over Zamudio.
He then […] grabbed his leg, twisted it and broke it; they were all laughing and they said it sounded like a chicken bone. In Februarythe body of a year-old trans woman was found in a rural road in Puebla, Mexico. Her Joven golpeado por ser homosexual had been disfigured with a club or bat, several of her teeth were found a few yards apart and one of her eyeballs was detached.
Inthe IACHR was informed of the case of Joel Molero, a 19 year-old Peruvian man who was brutally attacked and beheaded, with his genitals, fingers and toes mutilated.
His body was then put on a mattress and set on fire. Extrajudicial executions or killings are understood as deprivations of the right Joven golpeado por ser homosexual life unlawfully perpetrated by State agents. The IACHR has noted that for the majority of cases of violence against LGBT persons recorded in the Registry of Violencethere is little or no data as to the perpetrators of the violence, particularly in the cases of killings.
Redlactrans, The Night is Another Country: Impunity and violence against transgender women human rights defenders in Latin Joven golpeado por ser homosexual. Jessica Alexandra Romero, Argentina. It is reported that four military police officers, after having humiliated two trans sex workers in Salvador, Brazil, in Augustforced them to jump into the sea, where one of them drowned.
In Guatemala, "Paulina and Sulma —both transgender persons— were approached [ Paulina died of her injuries in the hospital three hours later.
Sulma was severely injured but survived. Uncertain whether this was well-intended advice or veiled death threats, she moved to a secret location".
The police officer was sentenced to ten years in prison on September A young gay couple, aged 17 and 22, in Mexico City were both expelled from a nightclub after a quarrel between both of them. A police patrol car and other cars arrived and police agents violently pushed them into a white vehicle that was escorting the patrol car. The bodies of the two men were found the following day with numerous signs of beatings in various parts of the body some of which were so brutal they left bones uncoveredtheir hands and feet strongly tied with wire, their ears amputated, and with three gunshot wounds in the head of each man.
The IACHR received information of alleged executions by state agents of a year-old boy in Patu, Brazil, a year-old trans woman in Mexico city, and the aforementioned two gay men aged 17 and 22 in Mexico City.
According to the Registry of Violencegay menor those perceived as such, were more likely to be killed by bladed weapons and in private spaces, such as the home of the victim.
Joven golpeado por ser homosexual trans women and trans persons who express themselves as female were more likely to be killed by firearms, and their bodies were more likely to be found in the streets or other public spaces, and sometimes in situations linked to sex work.
Organizations report that killings of LGBT persons are not found in police records, and where they are, they end in impunity. The IACHR was informed of numerous killings of trans women who were sex workers, most of the killings allegedly perpetrated by their clients.
These included victims who were —among many other violent acts— smashed in the head with rocks, stoned to death while offering their services, beaten to death with a broken bottle, stabbed while waiting in their regular spots, repeatedly shot when approaching a car, and even "Joven golpeado por ser homosexual" following a disagreement over fees. Entertainment and socialization spaces for gay personsand their vicinities, are
Joven golpeado por ser homosexual common locations in which killings take place.
In Aprilin Brazil, a bisexual woman —who had a 6-year-old son and who had left her boyfriend to live with a woman— was viciously stabbed, disemboweled, and her body abandoned near a railroad track.
Investigators stated that this action spoke to the motive of the crime and that a former boyfriend of the woman was among Joven golpeado por ser homosexual suspects. He was hospitalized but died shortly after.
In Maya year-old gay man was verbally attacked with homophobic epithets on the street and then run down with a car three consecutive times in Rio de Janeiro.
Although his friends took him to a Joven golpeado por ser homosexual, he did not survive the wounds; his spinal cord was fractured in three places and his hip, ribs and lungs were also severely affected.
Ina serial killer was known to be targeting gay men in Mexico City by seducing them at gay bars, kidnapping them, and demanding ransom from their families. At least four gay men were killed. The gruesome details of the cold-blooded confessions of the serial killer included different ways in which he tormented his victims during their captivity, such as engraving marks on their foreheads with bladed instruments. In recent years, online dating sites and location-based phone dating applications have also been "Joven golpeado por ser homosexual" as tools used by perpetrators to find their victims.
In November in Colombia, there was reportedly a criminal gang that would lure gay men through social media in order to rob, attack, or kill them.
In Januarya group of men in a car passed in front of a gay bar in Mexico City and started screaming slurs directed at two patrons who were hugging each other. When one of the gay men confronted the group, one of the men in the car pulled out a gun and shot him dead on the spot. The IACHR has received reports from multiple organizations of cases in which police agents not only perpetrate violence, but also incite others to attack LGBT personsor are indifferent toward violence perpetrated by third parties.
Police and other State security agents —legally entitled to enforce public order— share the same attitudes and prejudices against LGBT persons that are prevalent in society at large. The violence occurs at all stages of police custody, including apprehension, transportation in police vehicles and, above all, in the premises of police stations and lock-up facilities:.
In in Belize, two police officers arrived at a bar. One of the police officers asked two trans women: They were released the next morning, with no charges brought against them. They did not file charges out of fear of reprisals and further victimization. They would always look for condoms.
Right there in the street, they take your identity right there. How much money did you make today? In Mexico City, a young man was allegedly arrested by federal police officers while he was walking on the street late at night.
Intwo men were talking at a park in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, two police agents pushed the two men into the police car while referring to them as women, and drove them to a police station. When they demanded an explanation for their arrest, a police officer answered: The next day they were released without any further explanation.
Allegedly, police officers were involved in the attack of a gay man in Jamaica
Joven golpeado por ser homosexual ultimately led to a mob killing. The incident began with the police officers beating the victim with batons, after which they urged others to beat him. The victim was dismembered, stabbed and stoned to death. A trans woman in Honduras explained that when a drunk and aggressive client stabbed her in the arms, neck, and leg in Septembershe sought help from the police.
They told me that I got what I deserved for being out in the street. When she arrived at the local police station to file a report, the chief officer on duty refused to take her report and had taken to a nearby hospital.
No record was made of her presence at the police station. She suffered a fractured nose and cheekbone.
A transgender activist en El Progreso, Honduras, recounted: They left me lying there and threatened to kill me if I talked. In Colombia, there were also reports that members of security forces beat many trans women, particularly those who are sex workers, in the places where they receive surgery, such as silicone implants, as if wishing to destroy valuable parts of their bodies.
Petitioners allege that three police officers raped Joven golpeado por ser homosexual alleged victim with a rubber baton, in a context in which he was sexually harassed and insulted because of his sexual orientation. LGBT Joven golpeado por ser homosexual are at the bottom of the informal hierarchy in detention facilities, which results in double or triple discrimination, and they are disproportionately subjected to torture and other forms of ill treatment.
Additionally, gay men or trans women deprived of their liberty may be forced into servitude by other inmates, required to do menial tasks on their behalf, and provide sexual services to them. Several NGOs report that LGBT persons often decide to remain in their cells as much as possible in order to avoid being attacked by other inmates. Trans women are at a heightened risk of sexual violence because of their routine imprisonment in male facilities, without regard to the specificities of the person or the case.
Ashley Diamond, a year-old trans afro-descendant woman deprived of liberty in Georgia, United States, had been raped at least seven times since being detained inand that her access to hormone therapy had been withheld.
Sometimes I think being a martyr would be better than having to live with all this. She was allegedly taken to the police station where police officers raped her.
She was then taken to a cell shared with other prisoners, where she was raped again by several of them. The following day she was forced to clean the police station. She managed to escape, and she went to a local hospital and filed a report.
While the physical examinations were being performed at the hospital, police agents showed up and persuaded her to drop the charges. She was even forced to sign a document in which she declared that what she had previously stated was untrue.
According to the information received, she had been severely beaten, tortured, and subjected to degrading treatment at the hands of police after she bit off half the ear of a prison warden. These acts are not denounced out of fear… when I entered a prison, I Joven golpeado por ser homosexual treated as a man and I was insulted… having a trans identity is very challenging… some trans women prefer to cut their hair short because they rather pass as gay and not as trans women, because we are victimized the most.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, and intersex persons can be particularly vulnerable to sexual violence. One of the reasons for this vulnerability stems from the fact that diverse sexual orientations and identities challenge the core notions of heteronormative sex, sexuality, and gender. Forcible introduction of objects into the anus appears to be a common way of inflicting excruciating pain on victims, and is usually a part of brutal acts of violence perpetrated against gay men and trans women.
A trans woman in Barranquilla, Colombia who, after suffering many years of attacks and discrimination, was brutally raped by four men who introduced several ants into her anus. She committed suicide shortly after the episode. LGBT and gender non-conforming persons are at high risk of being denied medical treatment or being further victimized when seeking health care following a sexual assault, it may be the case that the impact of sexual assaults on LGBT and gender non-conforming persons is higher than on gender-conforming and non-LGBT victims of assault.
The IACHR has also received information concerning the related stigma faced by gay men who are victims of sexual violence. erradicar la violencia por prejuicio contra las personas LGBT en Colombia.