A hookup culture is one that accepts and encourages casual sexual encounters, including one-night stands and other related activity, without necessarily including emotional bonding or long-term commitment.
Most research on hookups has been focused on American college students, but hookups are not limited to college campuses. The rise of hookups, a form of casual sexhas been described by evolutionary biologist Justin Garcia and others as a "cultural revolution" that had its beginnings in the s. Lisa Wade, a sociologist, documents that 19th century white fraternity men often had what would be called hookup sex with prostitutes, poor women, and the women they had enslaved.
The sexual revolution of the s brought a loosening of sexual morals which allowed for sex to become uncoupled from relationships and non-marital sex to become more socially acceptable. According to a review What is the typical age to start hookup Garcia, this is "an unprecedented time in the history of human sexuality. As a result, Garcia and other scholars argue that young adults are able to reproduce physiologically but are not psychologically or socially ready to 'settle down' and begin a family.
These developmental shifts, Garcia's systematic review of the literature suggests, is one of the factors driving the increase in hookups, a "popular cultural change that has infiltrated the lives of emerging adults throughout the Western world.
Garcia and others have noted that the "past decade has witnessed an explosion in interest in the topic of hookups, both scientifically and in the popular media. Research on hookups is not seated within a singular disciplinary sphere; it sits at the crossroads of theoretical and empirical ideas drawn from a diverse range of fields, including psychologyanthropologysociologybiologymedicineand What is the typical age to start hookup health.
It is hard to make sense of the hookup culture with understanding why it exists in society and why individuals participate in the culture. According to Shannon T.
Boodram, "hooking up is nothing more than settling; it is the microwaveable burrito of sex. According to Kathleen Bogle, the phrase 'hooking up' is "a slang term" deemed unofficial and unpredictable due to the extended variation of its meaning. The definition of hooking up can vary depending on the person or on the age group. It can range from acts that involve kissing, oral sex, or intercourse. A hook up is an act that involves sexual intimacy, claimed by many to be a sexually liberating act.
On the other hand, hook up culture is thought to be oppressive and monolithic, with intimacy only occurring within a specific context.