Health care providers should express positive attitudes about sexuality and emphasize the benefits of enjoying a healthy sexual life while preserving health and fertility. More specific advice on integrating education and prevention counselling into family planning and antenatal visits can be found in Chapter 6 and Chapter 7. Much of this information can be presented to groups of patients while they are waiting in the clinic to be seen. A health educator or other staff member can be trained to present basic sexual health information, including on STI prevention, using a flipchart or posters to reinforce messages.
In some clinics, information can be presented using videos or audio tapes. Whatever the method, patients should be given a chance to discuss the information and ask questions in private during the examination or counselling session.
Such group presentations can help patients identify their Health education on sexually transmitted infections powerpoint and ask specific questions. Health education should continue during the consultation and examination. For example, techniques for negotiating condom use can be discussed if the patient complains that she has trouble getting her partner to use them.
Be sure to summarize important points at the end of the visit and offer patients a chance to ask questions. We know that certain behaviours increase the risk of STI transmission. Some of "Health education on sexually transmitted infections powerpoint" involve unprotected sexual contact with body fluids in the vagina, mouth, or anus.
With others, such as sex work, it may be hard for the person to use condoms or other prevention methods. Safer sex Box 4.
Safer sex does not allow semen, vaginal fluid, or blood to enter the body through the vagina, anus, or any open sore or cut. Use a condom every time you have sex especially with new partners. Try massage, rubbing, touching, dry kissing, hugging, or masturbation instead of intercourse. If you have anal sex, always use a condom with lubrication because the mucous membrane there can tear easily. DO NOT have intercourse or oral sex if you or your partner has genital sores or an abnormal discharge.
Encourage patients to seek treatment from their clinic or doctor. Discourage self-medication or getting medication from unlicensed sources.
Encourage patients to complete their course of treatment. Stopping treatment too early, as soon as symptoms disappear, is a common reason for treatment failure.
Discourage sharing of medicines. Avoid labelling an infection as sexually transmitted when the diagnosis is not certain.
Most RTIs are not sexually transmitted, and patients and their partners should understand this. Encourage partner treatment when appropriate see Chapter 8. Partner treatment is indicated for women who have genital ulcers, signs of cervicitis or PID, but careful counselling is needed to avoid misunderstanding and potential conflict between partners.
Emphasize what patients can do to prevent reinfection.
This includes providing information on safer sex Box 4. Sexually transmitted and other reproductive tract infections A guide to essential practice. Stress that consistent condom use is the only way to avoid both pregnancy and exposure to sexually transmitted infections dual protection. Prevention of STI Where to get condoms. Using condoms consistently and correctly especially with new partners.
Limiting number of partners. Using alternatives to penetrative sex. Healthy sexuality Normal biological and emotional changes.
Benefits of a healthy sexual life. When and how to seek advice about problems. Early use of clinic services. Abstaining or having protected sex during treatment. Importance of partner referral.
Signs that call for a return visit to the clinic. Patient education about safer sex We know that certain behaviours increase the risk of STI transmission.
What is safer sex? Some safer sex practices Use a condom every time you have sex especially with new partners. What can be done about RTIs?