Same-sex marriage has been legal in Spain since 3 July The law took effect the next day,  making Spain the third country in the world to allow same-sex couples to marry on a national level, after the Netherlands and Belgiumand 17 days ahead of the right being extended across all of Canada.
After its approval, the conservative People's Party challenged the law in the Constitutional Court. Approximately 4, same-sex couples married in Spain during the first year of the law.
A ruling from the Justice Ministry stated that the country's same-sex marriage law allows a Spanish citizen to marry a non-Spaniard regardless of whether that person's homeland recognizes the partnership.
The November general election delivered a landslide victory to the People's Partywhose leader Mariano Rajoy said that he opposed same-sex marriage, but any decision about repealing the law could be made only after the ruling of the Constitutional Court. During the s and early s, several city councils and autonomous communities had opened registers for civil unions that allowed benefits for unmarried couples of any sex, although the effect was mainly symbolic.
The Socialist Party PSOE manifesto for the general election included the pledge of amending the Civil Code to legalize same-sex marriage, granting it the same status as heterosexual marriage in order to "ensure full social and legal equality for lesbians and gays".
As a result, we will modify the Civil Code to recognize their equal right to marriage with the resulting effects over inheritance, labor rights and social security protection". With the final approval, and enactment of the bill on 2 JulySpain became the third country in the world to Casamiento homosexual en mercedes legalize same-sex marriages nationwide, after the Netherlands and Belgium.
In spite of these steps toward equal treatmenta legal flaw remained: On 7 Novemberthe Spanish Parliament amended the law on assisted reproductionallowing the non-biological mother to be regarded as a parent alongside her female spouse who is the birth-mother. The projected bill announced on 30 June by the Minister of Justice was studied by the General Council of the Judiciary. It argued that the extension was not demanded by the
Casamiento homosexual en mercedes, and that ending discrimination Casamiento homosexual en mercedes be achieved through other legal means, such as the extension of civil unions.
Despite this negative report, the Government presented the bill to Congress on 1 October With the exception of the People's Party and members of the Democratic Union of Cataloniathe different parliamentary parties favoured the reform. On 21 AprilCongress approved the bill, with "yes" including a member of the People's Party and "no" votes and 6 abstentions. In accordance with constitutional provisions, the text approved by the Congress was then submitted to the Senate for final approval, change or veto.
On 21 Juneexperts were called to the Senate to debate the issue. The expert's opinions were diverse; some stated that same-sex adoption had no effect on a child's developmentexcept for perhaps a higher tolerance towards homosexuality.
Among other assertions that generated debate, he claimed that "many homosexuals have rape abuse antecedents since childhood" and that homosexuals generally come from families Casamiento homosexual en mercedes "hostile, alcoholic and distant" fathers, and mothers who were " over protective " toward boys and "cold" toward girls.
Prominent People's Party members later rejected Polaino's assertions. The Senate vetoed the text submitted by the Congress. The veto was proposed by the People's Party, which held the majority of the seats, and by the Democratic Union of Catalonia, and was approved by "yes" and "no" votes and 2 abstentions.
On 30 Juneit was approved by Congress, which, in accordance with the constitutional provisions, overrode the Senate veto. This was achieved with "yes" votes including a member of the People's Party, Celia Villalobos"no" votes, and four abstentions. The veto override implied its approval as law.
At the same time, we are building a more decent society. He said every profession linked with implementing same-sex marriages should oppose it, even if it meant losing their jobs. Sociologists believe this may be due to the significant increase of liberalism in the realm of individual rights in recent years, where the Church traditionally had most influence, especially on family issues.
There is no damage to marriage or to the family in allowing two people of the same sex to get married. Rather, these citizens now have the ability to organize  their lives according to marital and familial norms and demands. There is no threat to the institution of marriage, but precisely the opposite: Aware that some people and institutions profoundly disagree with this legal change, I wish to say that like other reforms to the marriage code that preceded this one, this law will not generate bad results, that its only consequence will Casamiento homosexual en mercedes to avoid senseless suffering of human beings.
A society that avoids senseless suffering of its citizens is a better society. In any case, I wish to express my deep respect to those people and institutions, and I also want to ask for the same respect for all of those who approve of this law.
To the homosexuals that have personally tolerated the abuse and insults for many years, I ask that you add to the courage you have demonstrated in your struggle for civil rights, an example of generosity and joy with respect to all the beliefs. On 19 Junethere was a public protest against the law. Spanish roman-catholic bishops also claimed that the Government, by extending the right of marriage to same-sex couples, weakened the meaning of marriage, which they defined as an involving a heterosexual couple.
Adoption by same-sex couples was already legal in Navarrethe Basque CountryAragonCatalonia and Cantabria before same-sex marriage law legalized these adoptions nationwide.
These associations also argued that there was no scientific basis for the claim that the parents' sexual orientation would cause developmental problems for their Casamiento homosexual en mercedes children. This view is officially supported by the Spanish School of Psychologywhich also states that homosexuality is not a pathology. In a biography, Queen Sofia of Spain revealed that she preferred the term "civil union" to "marriage" for committed same-sex relationships.
During the general electionPeople's Party leader and Prime Minister of Spain Mariano Rajoy stated he also prefers the term "civil union" to marriage for same-sex couples. In latethe Socialist Party began calling for a reform to the Spanish Constitution, which, among other changes, would constitutionally codify same-sex marriage. The judge also filed a constitutional challenge against the same-sex marriage law before Constitutional Court based on Article 32 of the Constitution that contains the phrase "Men and women have the right to contract marriage with full juridical equality.
On 27 Februarythe Spanish Family Forum presented an initiative signed by 1.
The initiative was rejected by the Spanish Congress. Shortly after the law was passed, questions arose about the legal status of marriage to non-Spaniards after a Spaniard and an Indian national living in Catalonia were denied a marriage license on the grounds that India did not permit same-sex marriage.
This judge disagreed with his colleague's decision and gave preference to the right of marriage over Argentinian law at the time not allowing Casamiento homosexual en mercedes marriage.
A ruling published in the Official State Bulletin stated:. However, the marriage itself can only take place at the Consulate if local laws recognize same-sex marriages. In all other cases, the partners must marry in Spanish territory.
Most same-sex marriages in took place in: Catalonia with weddings 3. "Casamiento homosexual en mercedes" 2 Julythe Spanish National Statistics Institute revealed that 31, same-sex couples had married since the start of July when same-sex marriage became legal in Spain to July This accounted for 1. Although not an official same-sex marriage, in Marcela Gracia Ibeas and Elisa Sanchez Loriga married by Elisa secretly being re-baptized
Casamiento homosexual en mercedes a man. Since its legalization incouples from across section of Spanish society have entered into same-sex marriages.
The wedding was held on 18 September at Vitoria's City Hall. Maroto, a member of the conservative People's Party 's national board, is known for his views contrary to the stance of his own party pertaining to same-sex marriage in Spain.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Armenia Israel Mexico 5 Netherlands: Same-sex union legislation Same-sex union court cases Timeline of same-sex marriage Recognition of same-sex unions in Africa Recognition of same-sex unions in Asia Recognition of same-sex unions in Europe Recognition of same-sex unions in the Americas Recognition of same-sex unions in Oceania Marriage privatization Divorce of same-sex couples Domestic partnership Military policy Adoption Listings by country.