The diocese is governed by the Bishop of Honolulu. With Catholic hawaii clergy, the bishop ministers to a culturally diverse population in the following languages: It is one of the most diverse and one of the largest dioceses in the United States, in terms of territorial area which spans statewide and includes unpopulated Hawaiian Islands.
The evangelization of the Vicariate Apostolic of Oriental Oceania consisting of the prefectures apostolic of Tahitithe Marquesasand the Sandwich Islands was entrusted to the Picpus Fathersthen recently established by Pierre Coudrin. Rouchouze and a company of missionaries on the Marie Joseph inthe Vatican canonically from its territories the Vicariate Apostolic of the Sandwich Islands.
Venerable Pope Pius XII elevated the vicariate apostolic to the dignity of a diocese on January 25,as it remains today. The Picpus Fathers resumed their trip on February They entered port at Honolulu Harbor on July 7. Having originally been refused entry by Protestant advisors to the king, the Picpus Fathers did not disembark from their ship until July 9, the Feast of Our Lady of Peace.
They were joined by six lay brothers. It has been claimed that Fathers Armand, Bachelot and Short concelebrated the first Mass in the Hawaiian Islands on Bastille DayJuly 14,in honor of their religious institute's French heritage, but this is untrue, and an anachronism: They performed the first baptism on November "Catholic hawaii" Picpus Fathers were quick to plunge into the Hawaiian society.
They learned the local language, went into the Native Hawaiian community and Catholic hawaii preaching to them. They distributed Hawaiian language Bibles and taught the lessons of from the gospels. Hundreds of Native Hawaiians chose to Catholic hawaii the sacraments of baptismconfirmation and Eucharist.
Among the first converts were William Pitt Kalanimoku who was baptized aboard the French vessel L'Uranie by Abbe de Quelen which arrived infour months after the death of Kamehameha the Great. They would both become pivotal members of the Catholic underground. Christian missionaries were influential in shaping the modern society of the kingdom after the deaths of Kamehameha I and Catholic hawaii II.
Kamehameha III agreed and enacted its expulsion from the kingdom. They landed off the coast of California and worked in the California Missions near the present-day City of Los Angeles. Native Hawaiian converts of the Catholic Church claimed to have been imprisoned, beaten and tortured after the physical expulsion of their missionary priests. The persecution was prescribed, according to the Bishop Museumby the Protestant ministers claiming that such treatment was ordained by God.
Commodore John Downes of the United States Navy frigate USS Potomac expressed American disappointment of the king's decision resulting in the brief end of physical harm for the converts. While other Picpus Fathers were denied entry into the kingdom, the king permitted Murphy to disembark from his ship due to his investigative role and the fact that Murphy, a mere brother, could not minister the sacraments.
Catholic hawaii had left earlier to report back to his superiors. The royal government refused Walsh's entry. The royal agreed to permit the Picpus Fathers to work freely in the Hawaiian Islands as long as they only attended to foreign Catholics, not Native Hawaiians.
On April 30, the royal government forced them back onto their ship. Short would leave the Hawaiian Islands again in October.