The papal conclave of was convened to elect a pope to succeed Pope Benedict XVI following his resignation on 28 February After the participating cardinal-electors gathered, they set 12 March as the beginning of the conclave. He took the pontifical name of Francis.
The conclave cardinals may Nuovo pontefice candidating any baptised Catholic male,    but since they have always elected a fellow cardinal. Inasmuch as the set of papabili is a matter of informed speculation, the election of a non- papabile is common. The Los Angeles Times suggested that, though a pope from Latin America was unlikely, with only 19 of cardinal-electors being from Latin America, the region seeks more say in Vatican affairs as "Nuovo pontefice candidating" has the world's largest Catholic population.
It cited secularism and the rise of Evangelicalism in Latin America, along with sex abuse scandals in Mexico, Braziland Chile as issues important to the region. One Australian commentator noted that the reform of the administrative machinery of the church, the Roman Curiawas a major issue, as there was no major progressive candidate, and indeed Nuovo pontefice candidating clear front-runners, in the dynamic between institutional-maintenance and evangelical Catholicism.
The dossier of the Vatican's own internal investigation into the so-called Vatileaks scandal was called "in effect Cardinal Velasio De PaolisC. Giovanni Battista Re from Italythe most senior Cardinal-Bishop participating, presided over the conclave.
InJohn Paul II in Universi Dominici Gregis fixed the start date of the papal conclave at 15 to 20 days after the papacy becomes vacant. The conclave was initially expected to start sometime between 15 and 20 March The Pope also amended the conclave law to provide for the automatic excommunication of any non-cardinal who breaks the absolute oath of secrecy.
There were cardinals on the day the papacy fell vacant. Cardinals aged 80 years or older before the day the papacy fell vacant are ineligible to participate,   leaving electors. Two of them were the first cardinal-electors from their churches to participate in a papal conclave: Two cardinal electors did not attend the conclave. Julius Darmaatmadjafrom Indonesia, declined because of the progressive deterioration of his eyesight. He had resigned as Archbishop of St Andrews and Edinburgh on 18 February  and later apologised for "sexual misconduct".
As soon as Pope Benedict announced his resignation, cardinals began arriving in Rome, and by the day the interregnum formally began most of them had already arrived. Gianfranco Ravasi of the Roman Curiaone of seventeen  Cardinal Electors with Twitter accounts, suspended his social media presence on his own initiative at the beginning of the interregnum, while others posted their reactions as they assembled.
The first of several "general congregations" was held on the morning of 4 March to organize the event. The first congregation on the morning of 4 March focused on introductory matters, picking three assistants to the Camerlengo, the "Nuovo pontefice candidating" Synod of Bishops the New Evangelization, and a suggestion of a message appreciation to Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI, with 13 cardinals giving speeches simply in the order they had requested to speak.
The second congregation the evening of 4 March featured the preaching of the first of two required meditations by Father Raniero Cantalamessa and nine more addresses. The third congregation was held the morning of 5 March, and featured 11 more addresses all six continents had by then been represented. The Nuovo pontefice candidating of appreciation was sent, and the text of the guidelines for the conclave was read. Topics of discussion were: That evening, the Sistine Chapel closed and the furnaces were installed.
The fourth congregation was held on the morning of 6 March. The Liturgy of the Hours was prayed and three cardinals with birthdays were congratulated, then 18 more speeches limited to 5 minutes were given. All but two cardinal-electors were present and had taken the oath. The Church in the world today and the needs of the New Evangelization, the status of the Holy See and of the Roman Curia's dicasteries its departments: That evening, a prayer service was held at St.
The fifth congregation was held the morning of 7 March. Three new cardinal assistants to the Camerlengo were chosen. Three separate speeches, each done by one of the three cardinal presidents of the three economic departments of the Holy See, were then given.
Then, 13 more speeches were given, especially on ecumenism and the Church's charitable efforts and attention to the poor, in addition to the topics from the previous meeting sessions.
The sixth congregation was scheduled for that evening. Some cardinals from the U. On 7 March, reporters were shown images of preparation work, including the installation of the chimney. Seven more cardinals spoke; participating Cardinal Electors Nuovo pontefice candidating present. On 8 March, Lombardi announced that the cardinals would meet later that day and then announce the date for the start of the conclave, which they then set for 12 March.
On 8 March, cardinals, including all participating electors, attended the 7th general congregation, where the Cardinal Dean announced that Cardinals Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja and Keith O'Brien would not be joining the conclave despite being eligible to vote.
Having met the conditions set for beginning the conclave, the cardinals chose Cardinal Prosper Grech to give the meditation at the beginning of the conclave.
Eighteen cardinals spoke, bringing the total number of interventions to over In light of International Women's Dayone speech was about the role of women in the Church.
Other topics added Nuovo pontefice candidating this session were: On 11 March, the day before the conclave, the non-cardinal officials, support staff and other non-voting personnel who had duties during the conclave took the oath of secrecy in the presence of Camerlengo Nuovo pontefice candidating Bertone as prescribed in Universi Dominici Gregis as modified by Normas Nonnullas.
Marini himself led the oathtakers in reading the oath out loud. The penalty for breaking the oath was automatic excommunication. On Nuovo pontefice candidating Marchthe cardinals present in Rome, both voting and non-voting, gathered in St. Peter's Basilica in the morning for the Pro eligendo Pontifice concelebrated Mass.
The Dean of the College of Cardinals, Angelo Sodano was the principal concelebrant and gave the homily. As at the previous conclave, they would swear to observe the norms prescribed by John Paul II's apostolic constitution Universi Gregis.
Then each cardinal elector in order of seniority placed his hands on the Gospels and made the following affirmation out loud in Latin: Et ego [forename] Cardinalis [surname] spondeo, voveo ac iuro. Sic me Deus adiuvet et haec Nuovo pontefice candidating Dei Evangelia, quae manu mea tango. And I, [forename] Cardinal [surname], do so promise, pledge and swear.
So help me God and these Holy Gospels which I touch with my hand. While making the oath, several Cardinals used the Latin forms of their names. The four cardinals from Eastern Catholic churches were distinguished by their attire. After the meditation, one ballot was taken.
Black smoke coming out of the Sistine Chapel's chimney indicated to the outside world, that on this first ballot candidate had received the required two-thirds of the votes cast. The two rounds of voting on the morning of 13 March proved inconclusive and black smoke was again sent out. Sources report that at some point, Ouellet threw his support behind Bergoglio,  and by the first afternoon ballot—the fourth ballot of the conclave—Bergoglio became the "Nuovo pontefice candidating" front runner.
On the fifth ballot, the cardinals, wishing to show a unified front, voted overwhelmingly in favor of Bergoglio, reportedly giving him more than 90 votes.
Peter's Basilica announced that a pope had been chosen and shortly thereafter the Vatican web site was changed to say " Habemus Papam " "We have a pope".
Peter's Basilica and announced the election of the new pope and his chosen name. Pope Francis appeared, asked the people to pray for him before he blessed the world, at which point the conclave concluded.
A corrected statement was released at 9: They used to be so good, but lately they seem to have lost control of things.
In Octoberthe Italian weekly magazine Panorama reported that the US National Security Agency had targeted cardinals in the conclave for surveillance, including Cardinal Bergoglio. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Papal conclave March Coat of arms during the vacancy of the Holy See. Cardinal electors for the papal conclave, His predecessors turned 80 before having the opportunity to participate in a conclave.
Cardinal Alencherry wore a Nasrani biretta without a zucchetto ; Cardinals al-Rahi and Cleemis wore different headgear; and Cardinal Naguib was bareheaded.
Thus, there can be at most two smoke signals per day from the Sistine Chapel chimney. This old tradition had last been practiced by Pope John XXIII inwhen he placed his zucchetto on the head of Monsignor Alberto di Nuovo pontefice candidating was secretary of the conclave, and made him a cardinal in December of that year.
Pope Francis included Baldisseri in the first group of cardinals he created on 22 February Retrieved 13 March Retrieved 1 March Retrieved 21 February Retrieved 11 February The Contenders for Vatican's Top Job". Retrieved 12 February Retrieved 12 March O Estado de S. The New York Times. Vatican readies for conclave to elect new pope". Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved 9 April Contains descriptions of all cardinal electors, 13 whom are marked as papabili.
Nuovo pontefice candidating Lounge's Papabile Focus on the th Pope.