Sexually transmitted infections STIs are infections that are spread by sexual contact. STIs can cause severe damage to your body—even death. Except for colds and flu, STIs are the most common contagious easily spread infections in the United States, with millions of new cases each year.
Although some STIs can be treated and cured, others cannot. A person with an STI can pass it to others by contact with skin, genitals, mouth, rectum, or body fluids. Anyone who has sexual contact—vaginal, anal, or oral sex—with another person may get an STI. STIs may not cause symptoms. Even if there are no symptoms, your health can be affected.
STIs are caused by bacterial or viral infections. STIs caused by bacteria are treated with antibiotics. Those caused by viruses cannot be cured, but symptoms can be treated. Having an STI during pregnancy can harm the fetus. Gonorrhea and Sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria pdf both can cause health problems in the infant ranging from eye infections to pneumonia.
Syphilis may cause miscarriage or stillbirth. HIV infection can pass to a baby during a vaginal birth. If you are pregnant and you or your partner have had—or may have—an STI, inform your health care professional.
Your fetus may be at risk. Tests for some STIs are offered routinely during prenatal care.
It is best to treat the STI early to decrease the chances that your fetus will get the infection. You and your partner both may have to be treated. The information does not dictate an exclusive course of treatment or procedure to be followed and should not be construed as excluding other acceptable methods of practice.
Variations, taking into account the needs of the individual patient, resources, and limitations unique to the institution or type of practice, may be appropriate. Barrier Methods of Birth Control: Women's Health Care Physicians. If you have further questions, contact your obstetrician—gynecologist.