D efinitions of cleanliness can, of course, be very different across the world.
Monaco provides dispensers with free bags for cleaning up after your dog, but some visitors are surprised to see the used bags just lying in the gutter. This however is the Monegasque way: The Mercer study is based on five hygiene-based factors: Curiously litter, a very visible indicator of cleanliness, is not considered at all.
To be fair, Calgary can also boast litter-free streets. Thousand-dollar fines for dropping cigarette butts or throwing rubbish out of a car window have had a positive impact on the city.
But for Mercer, Calgary ranks top of the list due to its green initiatives. Yet when it comes to awarding marks Junk removal calgary sexual health effort, spotless Singapore really should score high on any list given the way it enforces cleanliness and tidiness.
The island city-state has draconian laws about many thingsfrom pornography to tipping. In the s, Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew introduced strict anti-litter laws, which are still in force today.
The result of these fines is plain to see: Singapore is a very clean and tidy island state, albeit one that has also sacrificed certain civil liberties and, perhaps, a certain amount of creativity. That said, it would take a very dyed-in-the-wool libertarian to fight for the right to pee in an elevator.
There are less punitive ways to be clean and tidy, however. Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, seems to have achieved a clean and litter-free environment without the threat of harsh fines. It rises up on a tree-covered slope and is mainly built of concrete, but the level of upkeep is extraordinary. Unusually, this has been achieved not through punishment, but by the principle of Umuganda.
In the 19th century, a number visitors recorded that Rwandans were required to work two days a week for their community leader and during Belgian rule Umuganda was encouraged as a way of bolstering civic responsibility.
After taking office inPresident Paul Kagame harnessed Umuganda to help clean up his gun and Junk removal calgary sexual health capital, as well as to promote the idea of a cohesive national identity through communal projects. Under Kagame, Umuganda was formalised as a collective event on the
Junk removal calgary sexual health Saturday in each month when traffic — including airport taxis — is stopped for three hours in the morning, and the city comes together to tidy up.
This can be problematic if you have a flight to catch. The knock-on effect of such conscientious cleaning up is, of course, that people are less inclined to drop litter in the first place. Significantly, although President Kagame is known for his toughness, no one I spoke to in Kigali was aware of penalties for dropping litter in their city. It simply is not something that occurs.
But in less affluent countries, voluntary clean-ups may be the coming thing.
Dar es Salaam in Tanzania is one of 91 cities worldwide to take part International Coastal Cleanup Daywhich involved Junk removal calgary sexual health beaches of litter and waste.
The Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, neither of them wealthy states, are also among the list of countries playing a key role in the coastal cleanup. So, if Singapore is proof that cleanliness can be achieved by legislation, Kigali and Dar es Salaam are definitely proof that motivation and communal spirit can work as well.
Calgary, on the other hand, falls somewhere between the two. Finally one has to ask, does it matter?
Last year a Ugandan looking at Kigali told me wistfully that Kampala used to be as pristine as Kigali: Topics Cities Resilient cities. Order by newest oldest recommendations.
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