A pisco sour is an alcoholic cocktail of Peruvian origin that is typical of the cuisines from Chile and Peruand is also considered a South American classic. The Peruvian pisco sour uses Peruvian pisco as the base liquor and adds freshly squeezed lime juice, simple syrupice, egg whiteand Angostura bitters. The Chilean version is "Radio folklore chileno online dating," but uses Chilean pisco and pica lime, and excludes the bitters and egg white.
Other variants of the cocktail include those created with fruits like pineapple or plants such as coca leaves. Although the preparation of pisco-based mixed beverages possibly dates back to the s, historians and drink experts agree that the cocktail as it is known today was Radio folklore chileno online dating in the early s in Limathe capital of Peru, by the American bartender Victor Vaughen Morris.
Inhe opened Morris' Bar in Lima, and his saloon quickly became a popular spot for the Peruvian upper class and English-speaking foreigners. The pisco sour underwent several changes until Mario Bruiget, a Peruvian bartender working at Morris' Bar, created the modern Peruvian recipe of the cocktail in the latter part of the s by adding Angostura bitters and egg whites to the mix.
In Chilefolklorist Oreste Plath attributed the invention of the drink to Elliot Stubban English steward of a ship named Sunshinewho allegedly mixed Key lime juice, syrup, and ice cubes to create the cocktail in a bar, inin the port city of Iquiquewhich at that time was part of Peru.
Regardless, Radio folklore chileno online dating original source cited by Plath attributed to Stubb the invention of the whiskey sour —not the pisco sour.
Chile and Peru both claim the pisco sour as their national drinkand each asserts ownership "Radio folklore chileno online dating" the cocktail's base liquor—pisco; [B] consequently, the pisco sour has become a significant and oft-debated topic of Latin American popular culture.
The two kinds of pisco and the two variations in the style of preparing the pisco sour are distinct in both production and taste. Peru celebrates a yearly public holiday in honor of the cocktail during the first Saturday of February.
The term sour refers to mixed drinks containing a base liquor bourbon or some other whiskeylemon or lime juice, and a sweetener. The word as applied to the alcoholic beverage comes from the Peruvian port of Pisco. In the book Latin America and the Caribbeanhistorian Olwyn Blouet and political geographer Brian Blouet describe the development of vineyards in early Colonial Peru and how in the second half Radio folklore chileno online dating the sixteenth century a market for the liquor formed owing to the demand from growing mining settlements in the Andes.
Subsequent demand for a stronger drink caused Pisco and the nearby city of Ica to establish distilleries "to make wine into brandy",  and the product received the name of the port from where it
Radio folklore chileno online dating distilled and exported. The first grapevines were brought to Peru shortly after its conquest by Spain in the 16th century.
Spanish chroniclers from the time Radio folklore chileno online dating the first winemaking in South America took place in the hacienda Marcahuasi of Cuzco.
Already in the 16th century, Spanish settlers in Chile and Peru began producing aguardiente   distilled from fermented grapes. According to historian Luciano Revoredothe preparation of pisco with lemon dates as far back as the 18th century. He bases his claim on a source found in the Mercurio Peruano which details the prohibition of aguardiente in Lima's Plaza de toros de Achothe oldest bullring in the Americas.
At this time, the drink was named Punche Punchand was sold by slaves. The pisco sour originated in Lima, Peru. Some discrepancy exists on the exact date when Morris created the popular cocktail.
Mixologist Dale DeGroff asserts the drink was invented in but other sources argue this happened in the s. The pisco sour's initial recipe was that of a simple cocktail. Bruiget's recipe added the Angostura bitters and egg whites to the mix. Morris used advertisements to promote his bar and invention. The oldest known mention of the pisco sour appears in the September edition of the Peruvian magazine Hogar. In the magazine, not only is the pisco sour described as a white-colored beverage, but its invention is attributed to "Mister Morris.
Brad Thomas Parsons writes that "the registry at the Morris Bar was filled with high praise from visitors who raved about the signature drink. Over time, competition from nearby bars and Victor Morris' deteriorating health led to the decline and fall of his enterprise.
During this time, due to his worsening constitution, Morris Radio folklore chileno online dating most of the bartending to his employees. Moreover, Toro-Lira discovered that Morris accused four of his former bartenders of intellectual property theft after they left to work in one of these competing establishments.
A few months later, on June 11, Victor Vaughen Morris died of cirrhosis. His success with the drink led local Limean oral tradition to associate the Hotel Maury as the original home of the pisco sour.
Among the visitors to Lima were renowned Hollywood actors who were fascinated by the pisco sour. Ernest Hemingway and Orson Welles are said to have been big fans of what Radio folklore chileno online dating described as "that Peruvian drink.
He noted the locale as being the traditional home of the pisco sour and recommended it as one of the best hotels in Lima. Victor Vaughen Morris is considered by most historians to be the inventor of the cocktail. Nevertheless, researcher Toro-Lira argues that the story was refuted after it was discovered El Comercio de Iquique was "Radio folklore chileno online dating" referring to the invention of the whiskey sour. An excerpt from the newspaper's story has Elliot Stubb stating, "From now on The pisco sour has three different methods of preparation.
Radio folklore chileno online dating pisco sour cocktail is made by mixing Peruvian pisco with Key lime juice, simple syrupegg whiteAngostura bitters for garnishand ice cubes. Considerable variations exist in the pisco used in the cocktails. According to food and wine expert Mark Spivak, the difference is in the way both beverages are produced; whereas "Chilean pisco is mass-produced", the Peruvian version "is made in small batches.