Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol [a] 31 March — 4 March was a Russian      dramatist of Ukrainian origin. Although Gogol was considered by his contemporaries to be one of the preeminent figures of the natural school of Russian literary realismlater critics have found in his work a fundamentally romantic sensibility, with strains of surrealism and the grotesque " The Nose ", " Viy ", " The Overcoat ", " Nevsky Prospekt ".
His early works, such as Evenings on a Farm Near Dikankawere influenced by his Ukrainian upbringing, Ukrainian culture and folklore. His mother descended from Leonty Kosyarovsky, an officer of the Lubny Regiment Gogol mirgorod online dating His father Vasily Gogol-Yanovskya descendant of Ukrainian Cossacks see Lyzohub family and who died when Gogol was 15 years old, belonged to the 'petty gentry', wrote poetry in Ukrainian and Russian, and was an amateur Ukrainian-language playwright.
As was typical of the left-bank Ukrainian gentry of the early nineteenth century, the family spoke Ukrainian as well as Russian. As a child, Gogol helped stage Ukrainian-language plays in his uncle's home InGogol went to a school of higher art in Nezhin now Nizhyn Gogol State University and remained there until It
Gogol mirgorod online dating there that he began writing.
He was not popular among his schoolmates, who called him their "mysterious dwarf", but with two or three of them he formed lasting friendships. Very early he developed a dark and secretive disposition, marked by a painful self-consciousness and boundless ambition.
Equally early he developed a talent for mimicry, which later made him a matchless reader of his own works and induced him to toy with the idea of becoming an actor.
Inon leaving school, Gogol came to Saint Petersburgfull of vague but glowingly ambitious hopes. He had it published, at his own expense, under the name of "V. He bought all the copies and destroyed them, swearing never to write poetry again. Gogol was in touch with the "literary aristocracy", had a story published in Anton Delvig 's Northern Flowerswas taken up by Vasily Zhukovsky and Pyotr Pletnyovand in was introduced to Pushkin.
In Gogol Gogol mirgorod online dating out the first volume of his Ukrainian stories Evenings on a Farm Near Dikankawhich met with immediate success.
At this time Russian editors and critics such as Nikolai Polevoy and Nikolai Nadezhdin saw in Gogol the emergence of a Ukrainian, rather than Russian, writer, using his works to illustrate supposed differences between Russian and Ukrainian national characters. However, Gogol's satire was much more sophisticated and unconventional. At this time, Gogol developed a passion for Ukrainian history and tried to obtain an appointment to the history department at Kiev University. Despite the support of Pushkin and Sergey Uvarovthe Russian minister of education, his appointment was blocked by a Kyivan bureaucrat on the grounds that Gogol was unqualified.
During this time he also developed a close and lifelong friendship with another Ukrainian, the historian and naturalist Mykhaylo Maksymovych. Petersburga job for he had no qualifications. He turned in a performance ludicrous
Gogol mirgorod online dating to warrant satiric treatment in one of his own stories.
After an introductory lecture made up of brilliant generalizations which the 'historian' had prudently prepared and memorized, he gave up all pretence at erudition and teaching, missed two lectures out of three, and when he did appear, muttered unintelligibly through his teeth.
At the final examination, he sat in utter silence with a black handkerchief wrapped around his head, simulating a toothache, while another professor interrogated the students. Between and Gogol worked with great energy, and though almost all his work has in one way or another its sources in these four years of contact with Pushkin, he had not yet decided that his ambitions were to be fulfilled by success in literature.
During this time, Gogol mirgorod online dating Russian critics Stepan Shevyrev and Vissarion Belinskycontradicting earlier critics, reclassified Gogol from a Ukrainian to a Russian writer.
The comedy, a violent satire of Russian provincial bureaucracy, was staged thanks only to the intervention of the emperor, Nicholas I.
From to Gogol lived abroad, travelling through Germany and Switzerland. Gogol spent the winter of —37 in Paris Gogol mirgorod online dating Russian expatriates and Polish exilesfrequently meeting the Polish poets Adam Mickiewicz and Bohdan Zaleski. He eventually settled in Rome. For much of the twelve years from Gogol was in Italy developing an adoration for Rome.
He studied art, read Italian literature and developed a passion for opera. He mingled with Russian and other visitors, and in met Count Joseph Vielhorskiy, the year-old son of the official who had Gogol mirgorod online dating Gogol's Government Inspector to the attention of the emperor. Vielhorsky was travelling in hopes of curing his tuberculosis.
Gogol and Vielhorsky fell in love, a relationship which was soon severed as Vielhorsky died in Gogol left an account of this time in his Nights at the Villa: Pushkin 's death produced a strong impression on Gogol. His principal work during the years following Pushkin's death was the satirical epic Dead Souls. Concurrently, he worked at other tasks — recast Taras Bulba and The Portraitcompleted his second comedy, Marriage Zhenitbawrote the fragment Rome and his most famous short story, " The Overcoat ".
In the first part of Dead Souls was ready, and Gogol took it
Gogol mirgorod online dating Russia to supervise its printing. It appeared in Moscow inunder the title, imposed by the censorship, of The Adventures of Chichikov. The book instantly established his reputation as the greatest prose writer in the language. After the triumph of Dead SoulsGogol's contemporaries came to regard him as a great satirist who lampooned the unseemly sides of Imperial Russia. Little did they know that Dead Souls was but the first part of a planned modern-day counterpart to the Divine Comedy of Dante.
In April Gogol returned to Russia from a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and passed his last years in restless movement throughout the country. While visiting the capitals, he stayed with friends such as Mikhail Pogodin and Sergey Aksakov. During this period, he also spent much time with his old Ukrainian friends, Maksymovych and Osyp Bodiansky. He intensified his relationship with a starets or spiritual elder, Matvey Konstantinovsky, whom he had known for several Gogol mirgorod online dating. Konstantinovsky seems to have strengthened in Gogol the fear of perdition by insisting on the sinfulness of all his imaginative work.
Exaggerated ascetic practices undermined his health and he fell into a of deep depression. On the night of 24 February he burned some of his manuscripts, which contained most of the second part of Dead Souls.
He explained this as a mistake, a practical joke played on him by the Devil. Soon thereafter, he took to bed, refused all food, and died in great pain nine days Gogol mirgorod online dating. Gogol was mourned in the Saint Tatiana church at the Moscow University before his burial and then buried at the Danilov Monasteryclose to his fellow
Gogol mirgorod online dating Aleksey Khomyakov.
His grave was marked by a large stone Golgothatopped by a Russian Orthodox cross. His body was discovered lying face down, which gave rise to the story that Gogol had been buried alive. The authorities moved the Golgotha stone to the new gravesite, but removed the cross; in the Soviets replaced the stone with a bust of Gogol. The stone was later reused for the tomb of Gogol's admirer Mikhail Bulgakov.
Inin connection with the bicentennial of Gogol's birth, the bust was moved [ by whom? The first Gogol monument in Moscow, a Symbolist statue on Arbat Squarerepresented the sculptor Nikolay Andreyev 's idea of Gogol rather than the real man. Joseph Stalin did not like it, however, and the statue was replaced by a more orthodox Socialist Realism monument in It Gogol mirgorod online dating enormous efforts to save Andreyev's original work from destruction; as of [update] it stands in front of the house where Gogol died.
Mirsky characterized Gogol's universe as "one of the most marvellous, unexpected — in the strictest sense, original  — worlds ever created by an artist of words".
The other main characteristic of Gogol's writing is his 'impressionist' vision of reality and people. His pictures of nature are strange mounds of detail heaped on detail, resulting in an unconnected chaos of things.